Health concerns for children should be addressed right away. Otherwise, your child can suffer needlessly. Immunisations play a supportive role in maintaining your child’s health and keeping him or her protected from infectious illnesses. The vaccinations also build up a child’s immunity. Childhood vaccines work the best when they are administered at the right times.
Types of Immunisations
Some of the vaccinations needed to comply with compulsory child immunisation in Singapore include the following.
- Hepatitis B Vaccine
To prevent Hepatitis B liver infections, children need to be immunised with this vaccine. The Hepatitis B virus travels through a child’s system if he or she comes into contact with the bodily fluid or blood of an infected person. In this instance, the infection often is transferred from the mother to the foetus.
- Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) Vaccinations
The BCG vaccine is used to protect children from tuberculosis. Tuberculosis or TB impacts lung functioning and other body parts in some instances. The TB vaccine, or BCG inoculation, is given on the upper part of the child’s arm. It creates a small elevated bump that ultimately shows a small scar.
- The Combination DTaP, IPV, and Hib Vaccines
This particular vaccine is used to prevent diphtheria, tetanus, inactivated polio, pertussis, and haemophilus influenzae. For example, the vaccine is used to prevent diphtheria, which typically starts as a sore throat but can lead to respiratory problems. The disease can damage the nervous system and heart and lead to death.
Tetanus, which affects the nerves, can lead to muscle spasms, breathing problems, and lockjaw. It occurs when neurotoxins affect the system when bacteria enter through an open wound. Whooping cough, or pertussis, leads to long durations of coughing. Infants under a year old are the most susceptible to pertussis, which is a condition that can lead to fatalities.
The polio virus can also be attacked with a combination vaccine. The virus, which affects the nervous system, can lead to permanent paralysis. The haemophilus influenzae B virus is a bacterial-type infection that can trigger illnesses such as pneumonia (a lung infection), meningitis (a brain and spinal cord infection), or septicemia (a blood infection).
- Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccinations
Pneumococcal disease can be prevented with the use of these immunisations. The Streptococcus pneumoniae bacterium is responsible for the spread of this disease. It can enter through the body and spread to areas such as the lungs, brain, or blood.
- Rotavirus Vaccine
This type of virus attacks the stomach and intestinal tract. In turn, children suffer from vomiting, fever, and diarrhea. In some instances, it leads to hospitalisation, especially if the child becomes dehydrated.
- Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) Vaccines
Measles, mumps, or rubella produce various miserable symptoms. Measles, for instance, creates symptoms such as rashes, eye irritation, runny nose, fever, or cough. Complications can ensue, including ear infections or pneumonia.
Mumps, on the other hand, is denoted by headaches, muscle pains, and appetite loss. Swollen glands are the main symptom attributed to the illness. Complications can lead to meningitis, sterility, or deafness.
Rubella, which is called the German measles, is known for symptoms such as fever and rashes. When pregnant women contract rubella, the results can be devastating. The MMR vaccine is needed to prevent birth defects or miscarriage. A fever accompanies a vaccination about six days later.